Carditis

Cestari R, Villanacci V, Bassotti G, et al. The pathology of the gastric cardia. A prospective, endoscopic, and morphologic study. Am J Surg Pathol. 2007;31:706-10.

Chen Y-Y, Antonioli DA, Spechler SJ, et al. Gastroesophageal reflux disease versus helicobacter pylori infection as the cause of gastric carditis. Mod Pathol. 1998;11:950-6.

Dixon MF, Mapstone NP, Neville PM, et al. Bile reflux gastritis and intestinal metaplasia at the cardia. Gut. 2002;51:351-5 (Bile reflux, not H. pylori, is the culprit in this study from Leeds).

El-Serag HB, Sonnenberg A, Jamal MM, et al. Characteristics of intestinal metaplasia in the gastric cardia. Am J Gastroenterol. 1999;94:622-7.

Goldblum JR, Richter JE, Vaezi M, et al. Helicobacter pylori infection, not gastroesophageal reflux, is the major cause of inflammation and intestinal metaplasia of gastric cardiac mucosa. Am J Gastroenterol. 2002;97:302-11.

Guelrud M, Herrera I, Essenfeld H, et al. Intestinal metaplasia of the gastric cardia: a prospective study with enhanced magnification endoscopy. Am J Gastroenterol. 2002;97:584-9.

Jung KW, Talley NJ, Romero Y, et al. Epidemiology and natural history of intestinal metaplasia of the gastroesophageal junction and Barrett’s esophagus: a population-based study. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011;106:1447-55.

Oberg S, Peters JH, DeMeester TR, et al. Inflammation and specialized intestinal metaplasia of cardiac mucosa is a manifestation of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Ann Surg. 1997;226:522-32.

Oksanen A, Sipponen P, Karttunen R, Rautelin H. Inflammation and intestinal metaplasia at the squamocolumnar junction in young patients with or without Helicobacter pylori infection. Gut. 2003;52:194-8 (In this Finnish study, age 45 years or younger, intestinal metaplasia, and the squamocolumnar junction seem to be associated with reflux but not with H. pylori).

Peck-Radosavljevic M, Puspok A, Potzi R, Oberhuber G. Histological findings after routine biopsy at the gastro-oesophageal junction. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1999;11:1265-70.

Van Sandick JW, van Landschot JB, van Felius L, et al. Intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus or esophagogastric junction. Evidence of distinct clinical, pathologic, and histochemical staining features. Am J Clin Pathol. 2002;117:117-25.

Polyp-Fold Complex

Abraham SC, Singh VK, Yardley JH, Wu T-T. Hyperplastic polyps of the esophagus and esophagogastric junction. Histologic and clinico-pathologic findings. Am J Surg Pathol. 2001;25:1180-7.

Bleshman MH, Banner MP, Johnson R, DeFord JW. The inflammatory esophagastric polyp and fold. Radiology. 1978;128:589-93.

Ghahremani GG, Fisher R, Rushovich AM. Prolapsing inflammatory pseudopolyp-fold complex of the oesophagagastric region. Eur J Radiol. 1984;4:47-51.

Long KB, Odze RD. Gastroesophageal junction hyperplastic (inflammatory) polyps: a clinical and pathologic study of 46 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2011;35:1038-44.

Shepherd HA, Harvey J, Jackson A, Colin-Jones DG. Recurrent retching with gastric mucosal prolapse. A proposed prolapse gastropathy syndrome. Dig Dis Sci. 1947;29:121-8.

Voutilainen M, Juhola M, Farkkila M, Sipponen P. Foveolar hyperplasia at the gastric cardia: prevalence and associations. J Clin Pathol. 2002;55:352-4.

Part II Stomach

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  • Category: Digestion