Limb dominance

In some sports, the dominant leg may be at increased risk of injury because it is preferentially used for kicking (figure 9), pushing off, jumping. However, the association between limb dominance and injury is controversial. Several risk factor studies have reported that limb dominance has an effect on injury.

Figure 9. Soccer players have usually a dominant kicking leg

A study [14] reported that quadriceps strains were more commonly sustained by the dominant leg than the non-dominant side but there was no association between limb dominance and injury of the hamstrings or calf muscles.

Quadriceps and adductor injuries were more common in the kicking leg, most probably due to a greater volume of shooting and passing/crossing actions with the dominant leg. These cause a greater exposure to high-risk movements and can affect the correct balance of the whole kinetic chain. However, it has also been suggested that specific limb dominance in soccer players may result in lingering muscle imbalances that could lead to an increased predisposition for injury.

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  • Category: Musculoskeletal system