NEONATAL RESPIRATORY DISTRESS

CHARLES M. MYER III JAMES H. LIU

C. M. Myer III and J. H. Liu: Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology— Head and Neck Surgery, Children's Hospital Medical enter, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Nose

Evaluation and Management

Oropharynx/Hypopharynx Evaluation and Management

Larynx

Evaluation and Management

Trachea/Bronchi Evaluation and Management

Stridor in the Neonate Chapter References

The signs and symptoms of obstruction in the neonate are characteristic of the site: nasal, oropharyngeal, supraglottic, glottic, subglottic, or tracheobronchial. Regardless of the cause of the obstruction, respiratory distress produces hypoventilation with an increase in partial pressure of carbon dioxide (Pco2) and decrease in partial pressure of oxygen (Po2). As with other conditions, the potential causes of neonatal respiratory distress can be categorized as congenital, traumatic, iatrogenic, inflammatory, and neoplastic (1,2,3,4,5 and 6).

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