Contraindications to Angiography/CT/ Embolisation

1) Sensitivity to contrast media is an absolute contraindication and CO2 angiography would then be the preferred alternative.

Figure 9.

Catheter is very peripheral to deliver embolic material.

Figure 10.

Duodenum bleed with coils at both ends of artery.

Figure 11.

Coil delivered peripherally.

2) Renal failure is another relative contraindication depending on the severity of bleeding and need

For intervention. Appropriate rehydration is important.

3) Previous extensive surgery or radiotherapy may have altered the circulation and the risk of infarction is greatly increased. This should be borne in mind.

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